The name comes from the Greek word “adamas”, meaning “invincible”, and refers to the gemstone’s hardness. According to Roman naturalist Pliny, “the diamond is the most precious, not only of precious gems, but of all things in the world.” The Diamond is April’s birthstone.
The Diamond is the hardest gemstone, with a hardness of 10. Diamonds exist in many different colors: white, black and yellowish and brownish shades, as well as the very rare colors, known as “fancy color diamonds” in yellow, green, blue, pink and red. A white Diamond’s cut can have a significant impact on its appearance and brilliance. Diamond formation is particularly fascinating. 160-250 km beneath the Earth’s surface, carbon dioxide crystallized into Diamonds about 1.5 billion years ago under enormous heat and pressure in the melting substance of the earth’s interior.
You should store Diamonds separately, as these hard gemstones can easily scratch other pieces of jewelry. You can clean your Diamond with warm water and soap.
The most famous Diamond mine is probably the Kimberley in South Africa. Diamonds are also found in Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Brazil, Australia, Russia and Canada.